Global Animal feed ingredients market!!!
Animals Feed Ingredients:Animals require proper nutrition for maintaining good health and better milk yield. Animal feed ingredients as a good nutrient supplement to cattle’s for promoting growth and preventing diseases. Animals feed ingredients are extensively used in Cattle Farms, Poultry Farms and Animal Feeding units. The ingredients include corn, wheat, soya bean, rice barn, and other grains. Grains are considered as the best cattle feed as it has high nutritional content such as proteins, minerals, vitamins, carbohydrates, fibre etc. Wheat is a digestible source of nutrients added to our ingredients for maintaining proper digestion process. White and yellow corn gives energy for the dairy cattle’s. For Market Research Reports visit us at marketresearchbazaar.com
Proper intake of these animals feed ingredients helps in maintaining cattle’s stress free health and promotes high yield of milk that is rich in fat and protein. These ingredients also help in physical development of the cattle’s. These ingredients are prepared under hygiene conditions hence they are safe to use.
Cattle feed ingredients and nutrition:
Corn: Energy Ingredient, Wheat: Selenium, vitamin content. Soya bean: Protein source. Rice barn: Source of carbohydrate. Oat Hulls: Source of fibre.
A. Energy Sources
1. Maize/Corn grits are a very common energy source for feed formulation. Persistent competition for this ingredient amongst farmers, industries (e.g. breweries) and humans, limits its availability and affordability. Smart farmers are actively exploring viable alternatives. E.g. Cassava grits: a non-cereal source, though this suffers a twin disadvantage of low protein, and need for processing to eliminate anti-nutritional factors.
2. Wheat Offals obtained from the outer covering of wheat grain during processing, are often used as binding agents in feed compounding. Wheat is a cereal, and like Maize, contributes energy (as well as protein) in rations. The offals have some protein content, and are therefore used as variable feed components during feed formulation.
3. Noodles Waste is obtained from the noodles factory. It has gained popularity as an adaptable feed ingredient. Some farmers report using raw noodles to “fatten” catfish. It offers useful “energy” contributions – and has decent protein content.
Wheat Offals and Noodles Waste are much cheaper than Maize, making them attractive as complementary alternatives to it.
B. Protein Sources
Protein facilitates tissue synthesis for growth, body repairs, and reproductive processes (e.g. egg formation). Its deficiency can lead to poor growth – such as improper feathering in poultry - and development of vice habits, like cannibalism.
4. Fish Meal (FM) has been used as a crucial protein source in livestock feed for years. Due to its animal origin, it is rich in all amino acids, making it great for rectifying amino acid deficiency. Amino acids balance in feed enables animals utilize important nutrients they need. Fish meal, which is mostly imported, is however expensive, more so now, with global economic downturns.
5. Soybean Meal (SBM) is a plant based alternative to FM. The dangers posed by anti-nutritional factors present in it have been addressed by improved processing methods. It’s now used by more farmers today – but as a complement, and not a complete replacement for FM.
High imported fish meal prices, coupled with the threat of mycotoxin contamination in poorly stored Groundnut Cake (GNC), makes SBM enjoys much higher usage – though necessarily in combination with fish meal, to achieve a full amino acid profile in feed.
But rising prices and shortages of SBM are now facing farmers who depend on it.
Palm Kernel Cake (PKC) is a common and cheaper plant protein source. But a lower protein content of about 20%, coupled with high fibre content and low digestibility, mean it can only be used in moderate amounts, in combination with other less limited sources. Brewer’s Dried Grain (BDG) spent Grains, yeast.
6. Synthetic Amino Acids like feed grade Methionine and Lysine, make it possible to achieve good amino acid balance in compounded feeds, without using animal proteins.
Amino acids make up intact proteins, and are therefore of greater nutritional importance than the latter. Lysine aids growth in chicks and its absence can cause loss of feather pigmentation Methionine facilitates utilization of feed. It also reportedly reduces mortality, and cannibalism, while minimizing fat build up and boosting egg size.
However, due to their expensive nature, farmers often use synthetic amino acids in combination with intact protein sources, like fish meal, to cost-effectively achieve the desired amino acid balance in their livestock feed.
C. Minerals & Vitamins Sources
Minerals enable skeletal tissue development and maintenance. Deficiency in diets can reduce egg production in poultry, and has been suspected to predispose birds to cannibalism.
7. Oyster/sea shells are commonly used sources of Calcium (Ca).
8. Bone meal serves as a key source of Phosphorous (P).
Vitamins are organic compounds not synthesized in the body, but required in small amounts as co- enzymes or regulators of metabolism. For commercial livestock farming purposes, vitamins are added to feed in synthetic form to ensure effectiveness.
9. Vitamin/Mineral Premixes are added as fixed factor components during feed formulations. They do not contribute significant protein in the diet, but supply vitamins and trace minerals (Niacin, Biotin, Iron, Zinc, Copper, Iodine etc.) needed by the animals.
10. Common Salt is also used as a fixed factor component in feed formulation (typically at 0.25 – 0.6% in diets). Animals need it for optimal health and physiological development.
Global Animal Feed Ingredients Market Outlook
Demand growth is driven mainly by population growth, whereas they are now increasingly fuelled by rising per capita milk consumption in developing countries. Growing milk, meat demand and the rise in animal husbandry are influencing the growth of animal feed ingredients market. The factors such as continued use of fishmeal and fish oil as major dietary animal protein, terrestrial animal protein meals and oils as dietary nutrient sources. The market is experiencing and increased competition among players. The nutritional need of farm animals is well understood and is augmented by direct supplementation of nutrients in controlled and concentrated form. However, the growing importance of feed and food safety is predicted to hamper the growth to some extent. Recent research has linked both red and processed meat to have a higher risk of certain health conditions such as heart disease, stroke, infections, Alzheimer’s, diseases of the kidneys, respiratory tract, liver, and diabetes. For Market Research Reports visit us at marketresearchbazaar.com